How to use swagger in core web api

In this video we will discuss how to use swagger in core web api and automatically generate api documentation. In our upcoming videos we will discuss how to deploy this web api in azure. core swagger example

We discussed OpenAPI Specification, Swagger, Swashbuckle and the relationship between them in detail in our previous artcle.

  • OpenAPI is a specification i.e it is a set of rules that specifies how to describe an API. 
  • Swagger is a set of open-source tools built around the OpenAPI Specification.
  • Swashbuckle is a nuget package and it contains Swagger tools for documenting APIs built on Microsoft.NET platform.

Install Swashbuckle.Aspnetcore

To generate documentation for your API, install Swashbuckle.Aspnetcore nuget package. The following are the steps.

  1. Right-click the API project in Solution Explorer and select Manage NuGet Packages
  2. Type Swashbuckle.AspNetCore in the search box
  3. Select Swashbuckle.AspNetCore and click Install

"Swashbuckle.AspNetCore" has a dependency on the following packages which are also automatically installed. core swagger documentation

Swashbuckle.AspNetCore.SwaggerGen: This package inspects our API routes, controllers, and models and builds the SwaggerDocument objects. 

Swashbuckle.AspNetCore.Swagger: This package exposes SwaggerDocument objects as JSON endpoints.

Swashbuckle.AspNetCore.SwaggerUI: This package interprets SwaggerDocument objects and generates interactive documentation for your API and also lets your users test the API calls directly in the browser.

Configure Swagger Middleware

After the nuget packages are installed, we need to add and configure swagger middleware. In ConfigureServices() method of Startup.cs file, call AddSwaggerGen() method. This method adds the Swagger generator to the services collection.

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    services.AddDbContext<AppDbContext>(options =>

    services.AddScoped<IDepartmentRepository, DepartmentRepository>();
    services.AddScoped<IEmployeeRepository, EmployeeRepository>();


In the Configure() method, enable the middleware for serving the generated JSON document and the Swagger UI

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)
    // This middleware serves generated Swagger document as a JSON endpoint

    // This middleware serves the Swagger documentation UI
    app.UseSwaggerUI(c =>
        c.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/v1/swagger.json", "Employee API V1");

    // Rest of the code

Access Swagger document and API documentation

To see the generated Swagger document i.e the OpenAPI specification document, navigate to http://localhost:<port>/swagger/v1/swagger.json

To see the swagger documentation UI navigate to http://localhost:<port>/swagger

To serve the Swagger UI at the application root URL (http://localhost:<port>/), set the RoutePrefix property to an empty string:

app.UseSwaggerUI(c =>
    c.SwaggerEndpoint("/swagger/v1/swagger.json", "Employee API V1");
    c.RoutePrefix = string.Empty;

Swagger document customization

The generated Swagger JSON document can be customised. This means even the API documentation can be customised, because the API documentation is driven by the generated swagger JSON document. For example, you can use the SwaggerDoc() method to include version, title, description, terms of service, contact person and license terms in the generated json document.

services.AddSwaggerGen(c =>
    c.SwaggerDoc("v1", new OpenApiInfo
        Version = "v1",
        Title = "Employee API",
        Description = "Employee Management API",
        TermsOfService = new Uri(""),
        Contact = new OpenApiContact
            Name = "Venkat",
            Email = "",
            Url = new Uri(""),
        License = new OpenApiLicense
            Name = "PragimTech Open License",
            Url = new Uri(""),

This is then displayed on the Swagger documentation UI page as shown below.

how to use swagger in core web api

You can also use XML comments and data annotations to control the generated swagger JSON document and the API documentation.

Azure tutorial for beginners

© 2020 Pragimtech. All Rights Reserved.